Browse the Collection

Please search the collection as a library catalogue or database. For example, to retrieve all results related to sociology, you may want to use sociolog* as this will include books with any ending to the root ~ sociology, sociological, sociologist, and sociologists ~ in the title or description.

Anatomy and Physiology: OpenStax

textbook cover image
Anatomy and Physiology Cover is copyrighted by Rice University. It is not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University.

Description: Published by OpenStax College, Anatomy and Physiology is a dynamic textbook for the yearlong Human Anatomy and Physiology course taught at most two- and four-year colleges and universities to students majoring in nursing and allied health. Anatomy and Physiology is 29 chapters of pedagogically effective learning content, organized by body system, and written at an audience-appropriate level. The lucid text, strategically constructed art, inspiring career features, and links to external learning tools address the critical teaching and learning challenges in the course.

Author: J. Gordon Betts, Tyler Junior College, Peter DeSaix, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Eddie Johnson, Central Oregon Community College, Jody E. Johnson, Arapahoe Community College, Oksana Korol, Aims Community College, Dean H. Kruse, Portland Community College, Brandon Poe, Springfield Technical Community College, James A. Wise, Hampton University, Kelly A. Young, California State University, Long Beach

Adoption (faculty): Contact us if you are using this textbook in your course

Adaptations: Support for adapting an open textbook

Open Textbook(s):

  1. WEBSITE External website. This icon is licensed under a Creative Commons
		Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright Yusuke Kamiyamane. Read this book online: OpenStax
  2. WEBSITE External website. This icon is licensed under a Creative Commons
		Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright Yusuke Kamiyamane. Instructor Resources: OpenStax
  3. WEBSITE External website. This icon is licensed under a Creative Commons
		Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright Yusuke Kamiyamane. Student Resources: Anatomy Zone
  4. WEBSITE External website. This icon is licensed under a Creative Commons
		Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright Yusuke Kamiyamane. Instructor Resource: Anatomy & Physiology 1 Open Course
  5. WEBSITE External website. This icon is licensed under a Creative Commons
		Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright Yusuke Kamiyamane. Instructor Resource: Anatomy & Physiology 2 Open Course
  6. WEBSITE External website. This icon is licensed under a Creative Commons
		Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright Yusuke Kamiyamane. Read this book online: BCcampus
  7. DOWNLOAD XHTML file. This icon is licensed under a Creative Commons
Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright Yusuke Kamiyamane. EDITABLE: .html files (424 MB)
  8. PRINT Buy a print copy (U.S.)
  9. WEBSITE External website. This icon is licensed under a Creative Commons
		Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright Yusuke Kamiyamane. Ancillary Resources: Lab Homework and Reference Materials
  10. WEBSITE External website. This icon is licensed under a Creative Commons
		Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright Yusuke Kamiyamane. Ancillary Resource: Health Case Studies
  11. DOWNLOAD PDF file. This icon is licensed under a Creative Commons
Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright Yusuke Kamiyamane. Print (.pdf) (40 MB)
  12. WEBSITE External website. This icon is licensed under a Creative Commons
		Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright Yusuke Kamiyamane. Student Resource: Pronunciation Guide (0.64 MB)
  13. PRINT Buy a print copy (Cdn)
  14. DOWNLOAD XML file. This icon is licensed under a Creative Commons
Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright Yusuke Kamiyamane. EDITABLE: Pressbooks file (.xml) (8 MB)
  15. DOWNLOAD XML file. This icon is licensed under a Creative Commons
Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright Yusuke Kamiyamane. EDITABLE: WordPress file (vanilla.xml) (8 MB)

Creative Commons License
Anatomy and Physiology: OpenStax by J. Gordon Betts, Tyler Junior College, Peter DeSaix, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Eddie Johnson, Central Oregon Community College, Jody E. Johnson, Arapahoe Community College, Oksana Korol, Aims Community College, Dean H. Kruse, Portland Community College, Brandon Poe, Springfield Technical Community College, James A. Wise, Hampton University, Kelly A. Young, California State University, Long Beach is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.


Reviews for 'Anatomy and Physiology'

Number of reviews: 5
Average Rating: 4.54 out of 5

1. Reviewed by: john krisinger
  • Institution: Northwest Community College
  • Title/Position: Dr. Professor
  • Overall Rating: 4.9 out of 5
  • Date:
  • License: Creative Commons License

Q: The text covers all areas and ideas of the subject appropriately and provides an effective index and/or glossary

Yes it does.

Comprehensiveness Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: Content is accurate, error-free and unbiased

I did find the odd small error within my subject area, but as with most books that I have worked with, they are rarely error-free.

Content Accuracy Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: Content is up-to-date, but not in a way that will quickly make the text obsolete within a short period of time. The text is written and/or arranged in such a way that necessary updates will be relatively easy and straightforward to implement

Up to date certainly.

Relevance Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is written in lucid, accessible prose, and provides adequate context for any jargon/technical terminology used

It is a little bit too toned down for my liking - but not to the point of inaccurate.

Clarity Rating: 4 out of 5

Q: The text is internally consistent in terms of terminology and framework

Yes it is.

Consistency Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is easily and readily divisible into smaller reading sections that can be assigned at different points within the course (i.e., enormous blocks of text without subheadings should be avoided). The text should not be overly self-referential, and should be easily reorganized and realigned with various subunits of a course without presenting much disruption to the reader.

This text follows the format of most texts used in the field of Human Anatomy and Physiology - very useful.

Modularity Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The topics in the text are presented in a logical, clear fashion

Standard in the discipline.

Organization Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is free of significant interface issues, including navigation problems, distortion of images/charts, and any other display features that may distract or confuse the reader

Yes the layout and navigation looks fine and works well (I used the PDF format)

Interface Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text contains no grammatical errors

Not that I have seen

Grammar Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is not culturally insensitive or offensive in any way. It should make use of examples that are inclusive of a variety of races, ethnicities, and backgrounds

I did not see any such passages.

Cultural Relevance Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: Are there any other comments you would like to make about this book, for example, its appropriateness in a Canadian context or specific updates you think need to be made?

No, I am inclined to adopt such a text, given the outrageous prices of the current books on the market.

2. Reviewed by: Keith Tyler
  • Institution: Justice Institute of B.C.
  • Title/Position: Insrtuctor
  • Overall Rating: 4.5 out of 5
  • Date:
  • License: Creative Commons License

Q: The text covers all areas and ideas of the subject appropriately and provides an effective index and/or glossary

Yes, this is a very comprehensive text with good indexing, the online glossary of terms makes an excellent accomplement

Comprehensiveness Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: Content is accurate, error-free and unbiased

I saw no obvious bias

Content Accuracy Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: Content is up-to-date, but not in a way that will quickly make the text obsolete within a short period of time. The text is written and/or arranged in such a way that necessary updates will be relatively easy and straightforward to implement

As an entry level text most of the content is well established and unlikely to change

Relevance Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is written in lucid, accessible prose, and provides adequate context for any jargon/technical terminology used

The text had an easy to read style although the online pdf format often split text and related diagrams. While this would work in a 2 page view it was sometimes confusng on screen

Clarity Rating: 4 out of 5

Q: The text is internally consistent in terms of terminology and framework

Follows a predictable path

Consistency Rating: 4 out of 5

Q: The text is easily and readily divisible into smaller reading sections that can be assigned at different points within the course (i.e., enormous blocks of text without subheadings should be avoided). The text should not be overly self-referential, and should be easily reorganized and realigned with various subunits of a course without presenting much disruption to the reader.

Some larger chunks of text but generally well thought out

Modularity Rating: 4 out of 5

Q: The topics in the text are presented in a logical, clear fashion

follows the standard layout of similar texts

Organization Rating: 4 out of 5

Q: The text is free of significant interface issues, including navigation problems, distortion of images/charts, and any other display features that may distract or confuse the reader

as a pdf no distortion was noted

Interface Rating: 4 out of 5

Q: The text contains no grammatical errors

No grammatical errors found

Grammar Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is not culturally insensitive or offensive in any way. It should make use of examples that are inclusive of a variety of races, ethnicities, and backgrounds

No noticeable biases or references

Not really an issue with cultural relevance

Cultural Relevance Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: Are there any other comments you would like to make about this book, for example, its appropriateness in a Canadian context or specific updates you think need to be made?

as an open text, this book will make a great addition to the entry level A&P studies of many students including paramedics

3. Reviewed by: Katharine Sodek
  • Institution: Assiniboine Community College
  • Title/Position: Instructor, Medical Sciences
  • Overall Rating: 4.8 out of 5
  • Date:
  • License: Creative Commons License

Q: The text covers all areas and ideas of the subject appropriately and provides an effective index and/or glossary

The content coverage is thorough and well-organized. Key terms are presented at the end of each chapter, along with practice questions. A full index and answer key for each chapter's practice questions are provided at the end of the book.

Comprehensiveness Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: Content is accurate, error-free and unbiased

Most of the content is accurate and unbiased. There are some errors, which will hopefully be corrected for the second edition of this text.

Content Accuracy Rating: 4 out of 5

Q: Content is up-to-date, but not in a way that will quickly make the text obsolete within a short period of time. The text is written and/or arranged in such a way that necessary updates will be relatively easy and straightforward to implement

The content is up to date, and I believe it will be straightforward to implement updates as needed.

Relevance Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is written in lucid, accessible prose, and provides adequate context for any jargon/technical terminology used

The text is very clearly written for the most part. There is not an excessive use of jargon or abbreviations. New/important terms are presented in bold, are described in the text and also re-defined in the glossary at the end of the chapter.

Clarity Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is internally consistent in terms of terminology and framework

Yes, the organization and language are consistent from chapter to chapter.

Consistency Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is easily and readily divisible into smaller reading sections that can be assigned at different points within the course (i.e., enormous blocks of text without subheadings should be avoided). The text should not be overly self-referential, and should be easily reorganized and realigned with various subunits of a course without presenting much disruption to the reader.

The content is well-organized and divided into numerous sections with subheadings, which would enable them to be assigned individually.

Modularity Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The topics in the text are presented in a logical, clear fashion

Yes, the organization is similar to other Anatomy and Physiology textbooks.

Organization Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is free of significant interface issues, including navigation problems, distortion of images/charts, and any other display features that may distract or confuse the reader

Navigation is fine. The text within some of the diagrams seems to have a lower resolution/quality, with a somewhat fuzzy background, compared to the main text (at least in the free PDF version). Thus is not quite as easy to read the diagram labels as it is to read the main text. Nevertheless, it is still quite usable.

Interface Rating: 4 out of 5

Q: The text contains no grammatical errors

I did not notice any grammatical errors.

Grammar Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is not culturally insensitive or offensive in any way. It should make use of examples that are inclusive of a variety of races, ethnicities, and backgrounds

Examples did include a variety of races/ethnicities/backgrounds. I did not come across any content that was culturally insensitive.

Cultural Relevance Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: Are there any other comments you would like to make about this book, for example, its appropriateness in a Canadian context or specific updates you think need to be made?

I believe that students studying Anatomy and Physiology will find this textbook to be a comprehensive resource!

4. Reviewed by: Bruce Palmer
  • Institution: Assiniboine Community College
  • Title/Position: Instructor
  • Overall Rating: 4.4 out of 5
  • Date:
  • License: Creative Commons License

Q: The text covers all areas and ideas of the subject appropriately and provides an effective index and/or glossary

For the most part the text covers what one would expect in a first or second year Anatomy and Physiology text.Chapter 13 on the Nervous System tries to cover too many topics in one chapter. Split it up such as Brain and Cranial nerves, and Spinal Cord and nerves.

Comprehensiveness Rating: 4 out of 5

Q: Content is accurate, error-free and unbiased

Generally yes. There are a few rather minor details points that are unclear.
Page 430 Figure 11.9 on the actions of the eye muscles is incorrect for the two obliques.

Content Accuracy Rating: 4 out of 5

Q: Content is up-to-date, but not in a way that will quickly make the text obsolete within a short period of time. The text is written and/or arranged in such a way that necessary updates will be relatively easy and straightforward to implement

The only consistent concern I have is with the use of personal names for structures. More modern terminology would be more relevant and accurate.

Relevance Rating: 4 out of 5

Q: The text is written in lucid, accessible prose, and provides adequate context for any jargon/technical terminology used

Generally, yes. One exception as an example would be page 16 mentioning the first law of thermodynamics. Why get into this at this point with no supporting discussion.

Clarity Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is internally consistent in terms of terminology and framework

I saw no inconsistencies.

Consistency Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is easily and readily divisible into smaller reading sections that can be assigned at different points within the course (i.e., enormous blocks of text without subheadings should be avoided). The text should not be overly self-referential, and should be easily reorganized and realigned with various subunits of a course without presenting much disruption to the reader.

The text is well adapted to modifying its organization for being tailored for an individual instructor's outline.

Modularity Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The topics in the text are presented in a logical, clear fashion

Yes.

Organization Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is free of significant interface issues, including navigation problems, distortion of images/charts, and any other display features that may distract or confuse the reader

The images are blurred, as if they are scanned and re-imaged for the text. Small details cannot be read, even when magnified. Photos and line drawings selected do not always show the details the reader should be able to see and study. Labeling could be improved by categorizing. For example point to a bone and then underneath that major label, point out other features of the bone. All of these are problems that run through the text.

Interface Rating: 2 out of 5

Q: The text contains no grammatical errors

None.

Grammar Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is not culturally insensitive or offensive in any way. It should make use of examples that are inclusive of a variety of races, ethnicities, and backgrounds

Excellent.

Cultural Relevance Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: Are there any other comments you would like to make about this book, for example, its appropriateness in a Canadian context or specific updates you think need to be made?

There are many interesting facts and some fine links for supplementary interests.

The links should be embedded without the surrounding peripheral videos to watch next. Students could be pulled on a tangent instead of staying with the text content.

5. Reviewed by: Alan McGreevy
  • Institution: University of Winnipeg
  • Title/Position: Instructor
  • Overall Rating: 4.1 out of 5
  • Date:
  • License: Creative Commons License

Q: The text covers all areas and ideas of the subject appropriately and provides an effective index and/or glossary

The text covers all of the content that I would expect to find in a first year Anatomy & Physiology course. The inclusion of a glossary of key terms at the end of each chapter, instead of just at the end of the book, makes the resource easier for students to access.

Comprehensiveness Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: Content is accurate, error-free and unbiased

Overall, the text is accurate and error-free. In some cases, physiological mechanics appear in figures, but the underlying explanation of why these mechanisms function as they do isn’t provided. This context is important and helps with retention of the information; however, it’s reasonably simple to incorporate the bigger picture into lecture material as long as students can use the text to review the minutiae. When describing the leading and lagging strands of DNA replication, for example, the text does not explain the significance of 5’ and 3’ ends of the double helix, which would help to explain an otherwise unnecessarily complex replication pathway. In another section, the text defines essential amino acids and says that there are nine but does not mention which nine; while I would not expect students to retain that information, a comprehensive textbook should also function as an effective reference.

Content Accuracy Rating: 4 out of 5

Q: Content is up-to-date, but not in a way that will quickly make the text obsolete within a short period of time. The text is written and/or arranged in such a way that necessary updates will be relatively easy and straightforward to implement

Since the text was first published in 2013, there have been two revisions to address various errata. However, the text does not have edition numbers, which makes it slightly more difficult for an instructor to keep track of which version of the text a student may be using. Because the direct download version of this text is always free, versioning is only an issue for people who buy print editions of the text or if instructors do not revise page references if the pagination changes between revisions.

Relevance Rating: 4 out of 5

Q: The text is written in lucid, accessible prose, and provides adequate context for any jargon/technical terminology used

The writing is clear and accessible. In cases where there are multiple common terms for a structure, such as the loop of Henle or nephron loop, both terms are provided.

Clarity Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is internally consistent in terms of terminology and framework

The text and terminology are consistent throughout. The illustrations are sometimes inconsistent in style but the choices are effective in creating images that emphasise exactly what each figure is trying to demonstrate.

Consistency Rating: 4 out of 5

Q: The text is easily and readily divisible into smaller reading sections that can be assigned at different points within the course (i.e., enormous blocks of text without subheadings should be avoided). The text should not be overly self-referential, and should be easily reorganized and realigned with various subunits of a course without presenting much disruption to the reader.

The text largely covers each section so that they can be taught in any order as long as students have sufficient background knowledge. For example, the chapter on cardiac muscle assumes that the reader has the knowledge of muscle tissues provided in an earlier chapter. With the escalating levels of complexity that are usually used as the overarching structure of anatomy and physiology courses, the text must strike a balance between modularity and redundancy.

Modularity Rating: 4 out of 5

Q: The topics in the text are presented in a logical, clear fashion

The text follows a standard approach in anatomy and physiology, which is to start at the molecular level and to increase in complexity to cells, tissues, organs and organ systems. The content layout is very similar to the structure and flow used by other popular texts in this field, which I don’t see as a negative.

Organization Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is free of significant interface issues, including navigation problems, distortion of images/charts, and any other display features that may distract or confuse the reader

The text has unutilized space, such as white spaces above or below figures and large yellow link-boxes. While this works in an electronic document where “pages” are not significant, it makes the physical copy of the book appear somewhat odd and inefficient. The white spaces make the book feel incomplete rather than spacious.

Interface Rating: 3 out of 5

Q: The text contains no grammatical errors

I was not able to find any grammatical errors in the text.

Grammar Rating: 5 out of 5

Q: The text is not culturally insensitive or offensive in any way. It should make use of examples that are inclusive of a variety of races, ethnicities, and backgrounds

While I did not find the text to be culturally offensive, the photos and illustrations primarily feature people of European descent, as much as things like skin tone and facial features are shown. There is diversity in some photos and a small number of illustrations, but it may not be representative of all students.

Cultural Relevance Rating: 2 out of 5

Q: Are there any other comments you would like to make about this book, for example, its appropriateness in a Canadian context or specific updates you think need to be made?

The text uses American English rather than Canadian English spelling.